Food Packaging Food Contact Material* Typical Migrants Typical uses
Metal Steel coated with tin (tinplate)
  • Tin [1]
  • Iron [1]
White fruit cans [1]
Coated tin, steel or aluminium
  • Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) [2]
  • Bisphenol A [3]
  • Fungicide [4]
  • Aluminium [5]
  • Tin [1]
  • Iron [1]
Soft drink and beer cans, fish and pâté cans [16]

*Layer in direct contact with food


1. Page, B., M. Edwards, and N. May, Metal Packaging, in Food and Beverage Packaging Technology. 2011, Wiley-Blackwell. p. 107-135.

2. Hammarling, L., et al., Migration of bisphenol-A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) and its reaction products in canned foods. Food Addit Contam, 2000. 17(11):937-943.

3. Goodson, A., W. Summerfield, and I. Cooper, Survey of bisphenol A and bisphenol F in canned foods. Food Addit Contam, 2002. 19(8):796-802.

4. Coelhan, M., J.T. Yu, and A.L. Roberts, Presence of the biocide ortho-phenylphenol in canned soft drinks in the United States and Germany. Food Chemistry, 2009. 112(2):515-519.

5. Müller, M., M. Anke, and H. Illing-Günther, Aluminium in foodstuffs. Food Chemistry, 1998. 61(4):419-428.

6. Sendón García, R., et al., Revision of analytical strategies to evaluate different migrants from food packaging materials. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 2006. 17(7):354-366.