On July 14, 2014 the Food Packaging Forum published a new background article on biocides and their application in and on food contact materials. Biocides reduce food spoilage or food-borne illnesses by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. However, the inadequate use of biocides might lead to the development of bacteria resistant to both industrially used biocides and pharmaceutically important antibiotics. The new FPF background article lists examples of process and surface biocides and new developments in active packaging. Further, the article summarizes the regulation of biocides in the U.S. and the European Union and elaborates the advantages and disadvantages of biocide use in food contact materials.