On October 28, 2013 the non-governmental organization (NGO) Environmental Working Group published a report listing 12 endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) considered most hazardous by the group. The list includes four chemicals used in food contact materials (FCMs) namely bisphenol A (BPA), phthalates, perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) and lead. Whereas BPA is used as a monomer in epoxy can linings and polycarbonate plastics, phthalates are authorized for use as plasticizers in single and repeated use articles under EU regulation EC 10/2011. PFCs are used as stain and water-resistant agents in non-stick kitchen ware, paper and board, but also in clothing and thermal receipts. Lead is present in ceramic FCMs. Other chemicals listed by the Environmental Working Group are dioxin, atrazine, fire retardants, organophosphate pesticides and glycol ethers. In order to reduce exposure to the food contact relevant chemicals the NGO recommends avoiding canned foods, polycarbonate (PC) plastics, non-stick kitchenware, paper and board, as well as  poly vinyl chloride (PVC) plastic food containers and wrap.

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Environmental Working Group (October 28, 2013). “Dirty Dozen List of Endocrine Disruptors

Lynne Peeples (October 28, 2013). “Watchdog Warns Of ‘Dirty Dozen’ Hormone Disruptors As Scientists, Industry Argue RegulationHuffington Post.