DEHP disrupts insulin signaling

Scientists find that long-term oral exposure of adult rats to the phthalate DEHP disrupts insulin signaling pathways, resulting in the development of insulin resistance

U.S. funds long-term studies of environmental impacts on children’s health

U.S. NIH initiates ECHO, 7-year program to study the effects of environmental exposures on children’s health; NIEHS launches CHEAR enabling more NIH scientists who study children’s health to add exposure measures to their research

Vitamin D levels affected by BPA and phthalates

Scientists find exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates associated with decrease in vitamin D levels; women affected more than men; implications for public health may concern bone and muscle health, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer

Health risks of ‘BPA-free’ baby bottles

Scientists evaluate health risks of migrants from ‘BPA-free’ baby bottles made of PP, PA, PES, silicone, Tritan™, stainless steel; silicone bottle, several PP bottles of ‘high concern’; Tritan™ bottle, several more PP bottles of ‘concern’

Summary on estrogenic chemicals and reproductive health

PLOS Biology article highlights reproductive health impacts of estrogenic chemicals such as bisphenol A, its analogues, and phthalates

Reverse causation bias in PFOA studies

Scientists suggest increased perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) blood levels are consequence of early menopause and kidney disease, not cause

Phthalates and cardiovascular disease

Review article summarizes evidence on phthalates’ effects on reproductive and cardiovascular systems; association with increased cardiovascular risk possible

Health effects: How to identify causation?

Royal Society of Medicine hosts anniversary workshop on milestone work for environmental epidemiology by researcher Bradford Hill; commemorates his 1965 lecture ‘Environment and disease: Association or causation?’

PFOA and PFOS harm immune system

Scientific panel and U.S. National Toxicology Program conclude that PFOA and PFOA are likely hazardous to the human immune system

Chemicals and global burden of disease

International scientists review early-life environmental contributions to disease, identify chemical exposure as leading factor to be considered, discuss challenges, outlook