Food Packaging Food Contact Material* Typical Migrants Typical uses
Paper Paper (recycled and/or printed)
  • Printing inks (including benzophenones) [1]
  • Mineral oils [2]
  • Anthraquinone [3]
Dry food packaging such as flower, sugar [1]
  PE (polyethylene) coating
  • Polyolefin oligomeric saturated hydrocarbons (POSH) [4]
  Non-stick coating
  • Perfluorinated compounds [56]
Carton board Carton (recycled and/or printed)
  • Printing inks (including benzophenones)  [1]
  • Mineral oils [2]
  • Phthalates [7]
  • Anthraquinone[3]
Rice cartons, muesli and cereal cartons, infant formula [1]
  PE (polyethylene)
  • Polyolefin oligomeric saturated hydrocarbons (POSH) [4]
  • UV stabiliser [8]
Beverage cartons, frozen food cartons, baby formula [9]
  • Aluminium [10]
Snacks, cough drops
  PP (polypropylene)
  • Polyolefin oligomeric saturated hydrocarbons (POSH) [4]
  • Erucamide, oleamide [9]
  • Antioxidants (BHT) [9,11]
  • Benzophenone [12]
Bag in box [9]

*Layer in direct contact with food


1.         Bradley, E.L., et al. (2012). “Printing ink compounds in foods: Uk survey results. Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B:1-11.

2.         Biedermann, M., Grob K. (2010). “Is recycled newspaper suitable for food contact materials? Technical grade mineral oils from printing inks. Eur Food Res Technol 230:785-796.

3.         BfR (2013). “Bfr streicht anthrachinon aus den bfr-empfehlungen für lebensmittelverpackungen“. Webpage of the BfR.

4.         Biedermann-Brem, S., et al. (2012). “Migration of polyolefin oligomeric saturated hydrocarbons (posh) into food. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A 29:449-460.

5.         Trier, X., et al. (2011). “Polyfluorinated surfactants (pfs) in paper and board coatings for food packaging. Environmental Science and Pollution Research:1-13.

6.         Trier, X., et al. (2011). “Structural isomers of polyfluorinated di- and tri-alkylated phosphate ester surfactants present in industrial blends and in microwave popcorn bags. Environmental Science and Pollution Research:1-11.

7.         Gartner, S., et al. (2009). “Analysis and migration of phthalates in infant food packed in recycled paperboard. J Agric Food Chem 57:10675-10681.

8.         Sanches-Silva, A., et al. (2008). “Development of a multimethod for the determination of photoinitiators in beverage packaging. Journal of Food Science 73:C92-C99.

9.         Kawamura, Y., et al. (2000). “Determination of additives in food contact polypropylene. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan 41:154-161.

10.       Page, B., et al. 2011. Metal packaging. In: Food and beverage packaging technology:Wiley-Blackwell, 107-135.

11.       Sanches-Silva, A., et al. (2007). “Determination of butylated hydroxytoluene in food samples by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultralviolet detection and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.” Journal of Aoac International 90:277-283.

12.       Pastorelli, S., et al. (2008). “Study of the migration of benzophenone from printed paperboard packages to cakes through different plastic films. Eur Food Res Technol 227:1585-1590.