A review published on April 1, 2016 in the peer-reviewed journal Food and Chemical Toxicology focuses on bisphenol A (BPA, CAS 80-05-7) exposure levels, as well as regulation of this chemical for use in food contact materials, in developing countries. Sylvia Baluka from College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, and Wilson Rumbeiha from College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, U.S., examined English scientific literature from 2006-2015, and found only a few reports published on the topic. For most of the developing countries located in Africa, South East Asia, and South and Central America, no information on the sources and extent of BPA exposure could be obtained. The scarce data available indicate that BPA levels in humans and environmental media in developing countries are similar to those in developed countries, despite often much lower degree of industrialization in the former. Among the developing countries surveyed by the authors, so far only South Africa, Brazil, and Colombia have passed some legislation on BPA use in food contact materials.

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Emma Stoye (May 4, 2016). “Lack of data on BPA exposure in developing countries.RSC Chemistry World


Baluka, S. A., and Rumbeiha, W. (2016). “Bisphenol A and food safety: Lessons from developed to developing countries.Food and Chemical Toxicology (published online April 1, 2016).